Lands & subsoils, climates, grape varieties in Tavel
and Domaine de la Mordoree for this appellation
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Tavel
Châteauneuf du Pape
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Tavel
Châteauneuf du Pape
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There are three main soil types in the lands of Tavel :

- quartz round pebbles on the villafranchienne terrace : Vallongue.

- flat lime stones originating from the Barremien crumbled hill-stones : Campey, la Vaute, Romagnac, Torette, la Vau et Clos, Les Vestides, les Comeyres, Vaussières.

- Astien fluvial sands : Vaucrose, Vaucrose et Vacquières, Genestière, Codoyères, Le Palai, Roquaute, Bouvette, Olivet.

Some parcels have mixed subsoils, as in Cravailleux, where round pebbles and flat stones can be found as well as Astien fluvial sands and pebbles.

The soils are mostly poor in humus and organic matter, making Tavel an ideal land for winegrowing.

Pebbles and stones have a definite effect on the vines : Barremian flat stones are whitish and tend to reflect most sunrays during the day, activating the maturation of the berries. As for Villafanchian pebbles, they accumulate heat during the day that they release during the night.

The climate in Tavel can vary considerably depending on the spot; there can easily be a 2° Celsius difference between the east and west of the lands, like on the Vallongue plateau, more exposed to the cold Mistral, and Campey or Romagnac. What happens is some plots can be frozen while others aren’t, resulting in a different stage of maturity during the wine harvest, by a few degrees. Generally speaking, we have over 200 days of sunshine per year with average temperatures at 22°Celsius in summer, and 7.3° Celsius in winter. Rainfalls average 201 mm in summer and 503 mm the rest of the year. As for the Mistral, it blows on average 158 days per year out of which more than 100 days at 60km per hour. Sometimes, as was the case in May 2000, the winds can blow at over 100 km per hour, for over a week.

Grape varieties

The grapes authorized in Tavel AOC (Appelation d’Origine Contrôlée) are the following :

- Grenache, Cinsault, Clairette white and pink, Picpoul, Calitor (out of fashion : there are only a few dozens of vines left), Bourboulenc, Mourvèdre, Syrah and Carignan.

None these grapes must exceed 60 % of a vineyard’s total, and Carignan must not exceed 10%.

The Tavel appellation vines exploited by the Domaine de la Mordorée are located on the plateau of Vallongue, at Palai, Roquaute, and Romagnac ; their composition is as follows : Grenache 60 % , Mourvèdre, Syrah and Cinsault 10%, Bourboulenc and Clairette 5%.

 

Plot in AOC Tavel, this area is called Vallongue West

Plot in AOC Tavel, an harmonious mix of sand and clay, planted with 8 years old Syrah.

The wines produced here are rounded and fruity.

To be noticed : one can see some pebble stones coming from the Vallongue plateau located on the left of this picture.

 
Lands & subsoils, climates, grape varieties in Chateauneuf du Pape
and Domaine de la Mordoree for this appellation

There are three main subsoils in Châteauneuf du Pape :... (more)

 
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