A.O.C. lands, climate & vineyards vines at Domaine de la Mordorée
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Maturity of our wines
• A.O.C. lands, climate & vineyards vines at Domaine de la Mordorée
  • Our terroirs
Châteauneuf du Pape
Côtes du Rhône
Châteauneuf du Pape
The land, the soils

What makes the originality and the remarkable quality of our soils, is their diversity and age.

To help you better visualize the history of our lands, we have drawn up a simplified geological time scale here below:

Urgonian Period from -127 to –125 million years:
formation of the Urgonian limestone mountain ranges, like the limestones sector of Châteauneuf du Pape.

• 110 million years ago: end of the secondary era, Cretaceous Period: the area is covered with a warm sea. In this sea, an immense coral barrier reef shapes the future vestiges that are now the limestone hills in the Tavel and Lirac area. These geological periods are called Barremian and Aptian of the late Cretaceous period. The famous Tavel stone is extracted from these hard limestone veins, in which one often finds shells fossils like ammonites.

100 million years ago: emergence of flora on earth.

40 - 30 million years ago : movements of the earth's crust create the old relief in our area, and the sea withdraws in a fifteen million year period. These times correspond to the end of the dinosaur reign on Earth.

15 million years: Miocene times, the sea returns and once again covers are whole area. Its deposits the many sands and clays which today constitute the main soil material in Châteauneuf du Pape, Lirac and Tavel.
Emergence of mammals on Earth

8 - 6 million years: the sea withdraws again, creating canyons in our area. The sea withdraws beyond the Straits of Gibraltar and the Mediterranean is crossable by foot on dry land.

4,5 million years: the sea returns, passing through the Straits of Gibraltar. To visualize the phenomenon, you may imagine a Niagara waterfall which would be 2800 meters high, and whose flow would approximately correspond to 100 times that of the Amazon River!

• 3 - 2 million years geological period known as the Astian era.

• 1,9 - 1,8 million years geological period known as the Villafranchian era: for 70 000 years, the formidably powerful and immense rivers generated by the melting of alpine glaciers tear off pieces of rock on their course, rolling them down several hundreds of kilometers, polish them into the typical rolled pebbles we find finds on the surfacesof Tavel, Lirac and Châteauneuf du Pape lands.

• 1,75 million years ago, Quaternary period

• 10 000 years before our times, erosion and the hand of man shaped sea landscapes into what our area still looks like today.

Photo caption: Ammonite Fossil found in a stone block, in Tavel,
displayed at the Serge Lugan quarry in Tavel.


Lands & subsoils, climates, grape varieties in Lirac
and Domaine de la Mordoree for this appellation

There are three main subsoil types in Lirac :... (more)

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